20 sep 2018: North and South Korean leaders hold Historic Summit


North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and South Korean President Moon Jae-in on September 19, 2018 signed an agreement on denuclearisation, defusing crisis on the Korean peninsula and reducing military tensions. The talks were hosted by North Korea in its capital city Pyongyang. The North Korean leader welcomed the South Korea President at the Sunan International Airport, at the start of Moon’s three-day visit to the nation. North Korea has agreed to permanently dismantle engine testing facilities and missile launch pads in the presence of international inspectors. The North Korean leader stated that his regime is also willing to take additional steps in accordance with the June 12 North Korea-US Joint Declaration, such as dismantle the country's largest nuclear facility in Yongbyon if the US takes corresponding measures. The Yongbyon Nuclear Scientific Research Centre is a major complex and its permanent closure would be a significant move towards ensuring that the North gives up its nuclear arsenal. Besides this, Kim Jong Un pledged to visit Seoul, which would be the first visit by a North Korean leader to the South since the Korean War. The leaders of the two militaries, South Korean defence Minister Song Young-moo and North Korea's Minister for the People's Armed Forces No Kwang-chol also signed a declaration, agreeing to a wide range of steps aimed at further reducing military tension on the Korean Peninsula. Both the leaders want the US to sign off on formally ending the Korean War, which still technically continues because no peace treaty was signed. There have been military tensions between the two countries for a long time. This move will lead to good relation between the two countries. The main agenda of the Moon-Kim meeting was to enhance ties between the two Koreas and push the talks on the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula. The agreement also outlined plans to reconnect a cross-border railway, to allow letter exchanges and video calls between citizens and to seek to file a joint bid to co-host the 2032 Olympics. The other objectives of South Korean President in the North are expected to be largely focused on cultural and symbolic activities designed to project an image of cross-border friendship.

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